Investment Banking Career Path: Your Guide to Success


Investment banking career path

Are you a recent graduate looking for an investment banking career path considering your options or a career changer seeking a good career path and new horizons exit opportunities?

Do you feel thrilled to travel this adventurous investment banking career path? 

If your answer is – Yes, definitely! Then, I am here to help you with all the resourceful insights into the investment banking career path. 

What’s the investment banking career path? 

The investment banking career path follows these steps:

  1. Begin as a Summer intern or internship without experience 

  2. Start as an Analyst (entry-level).

  3. Move up to Associate (after a few years).

  4. Climb to Vice President (usually 3-5 years as an associate).

  5. Reach Director or Executive Director status.

  6. Aim for the top as a Managing Director.

  7. Some may become Partners or Senior Managing Directors in certain firms.

In this guide, I will focus on the investment banking career path and how an aspirant like you can build a successful and good investment banking career. 

  • Imagine your career as a journey, and you are the captain of your own ship. Just like a GPS guides you on a road trip, your Inner GPS guides you on your life journey. 

  • Investment banking is like charting a course through the financial world, and your inner GPS is the tool that helps you navigate. It’s your intuition, your passion, and your sense of purpose that will keep you on the right path.

Think of your passions and interests as the destinations you want to reach. Investment banking can be a vehicle to get there, helping you reach your goals and explore new horizons. Your inner GPS knows where you want to go and will help you make the right choices along the way.

In this guide, you will learn:

  • The dynamic world of investment banking as a career path

  • The magnetic appeal for aspiring professionals like you

  • The robust demand for talent in this field

Let’s move on with the investment banking career path at a glance, and after that, you will learn each career role in detail. 

Investment Banking Career Path at a Glance

Investment Banking Career Path at a Glance

Suppose you are a recent graduate looking to dive into the exciting world of investment banking or a career changer eyeing new horizons. In that case, you’re in the right place. 

You can begin your investment banking career path as an investment banker intern or summer internship without experience. 

What do Investment banking interns do? 

You, without prior experience, assist senior bankers and investment bankers in advising companies with various tasks. This can include financial analysis, market research, preparing presentations, and administrative work. You may also shadow experienced professionals to learn about the industry.

Special duties

While duties can vary, as an intern, you might help create financial models, conduct due diligence on potential deals, assist in pitch book preparation, and participate in client meetings. These tasks will provide you valuable exposure to the world of finance.


The salary for investment banking interns varies by location and company. In major financial centers like New York City, you, as an intern, can expect competitive pay, often ranging from $25 to $40 per hour or more. However, this can differ significantly based on the firm’s size, location, and reputation.

Examples of companies where you can apply for internships

Career Tips:

  • Networking is key in the finance industry. Attend industry events, join finance-related clubs or organizations at your school, and leverage online platforms like LinkedIn to connect with professionals. 

  • Building relationships can open doors to internships and job opportunities, especially if you need prior experience. 

  • Focus on building strong analytical and Excel skills, as these are crucial in investment banking roles.

So, what’s the roadmap to success in this field after gaining experience? Let’s break it down:

Step 1: Start as an Analyst (entry-level).

You begin your journey as an Investment Banking Analyst. This role involves tasks like financial modeling, equity research, data collection, and creating presentations. You must have degrees in finance or economics to play this role.

As an analyst, you can kickstart your investment banking career shortly after completing your undergraduate finance degree in your early to mid-20s.

Step 2: Move up to Associate (after a few years).

With 3-4 years of experience, you can become an Associate. Your responsibilities expand to include client interaction and managing a small team.

After a few years as analysts, you will advance to the associate role, usually in your late 20s to early 30s.

Step 3: Climb to Vice President (VP).

After more extensive experience across various projects, you can become a Vice President. Here, you’re all about maintaining client relationships and ensuring efficiency within the investment banking hierarchy under your vice president’s watch.

Your promotion to the senior position of Vice President (VP) will occur in the late 20s to early 40s, contingent on individual performance and firm policies.

Step 4: Reach Senior Management – Managing Director / Senior Vice President.

The pinnacle of a career in investment banking is reaching the Managing Director or Senior VP role in many investment banks. But this usually takes 15-20 years of hard-earned experience.

  • You will assume the Directors or Executive Directors positions in your late 30s to mid-50s, again influenced by factors like experience and performance.

  • Climbing to the highest echelons, such as Managing Director or Partner, you can get the opportunity in your late 40s to 60s.

That’s the condensed version. But what do these roles actually involve?

Now, let’s talk about how to break into this competitive field. 

Here are some practical action steps:

  1. Ace your academics, especially in finance-related subjects.

  2. Land internships in finance roles, especially at well-known firms.

  3. Network like there’s no tomorrow—connections are gold.

  4. Brush up on financial modeling, Excel, and analytical thinking.

  5. Nail those interviews, both technical and behavioral.

  6. Showcase your skills and experiences on your resume.

Ready for more? Investment banking isn’t just about numbers; it’s a global adventure. You’ll work with clients and projects from around the world, and you might not even have to leave your desk. But yes, there’s still plenty of travel involved if you want it.

Investment banks wear many hats(functions):

  1. Capital raising: Helping companies and governments raise capital by issuing stocks and bonds.

  2. Mergers and acquisitions (M&A): Advising on mergers, acquisitions, and deal structuring.

  3. Sales and trading: Buying and selling securities in financial markets.

  4. Critical role: Greasing the wheels of the global economy by facilitating the flow of funds and driving growth.

Investment banks are divided into various divisions:

  1. Corporate finance: Helping clients raise capital for new projects.

  2. Mergers and acquisitions: Facilitating strategic deals.

  3. Capital markets: Advising on timing and valuation of issuances.

  4. Sales and trading: Handling transactions for clients.

  5. Research: Conducting in-depth analysis of various assets and industries.

Now, let’s talk about the challenges. Be ready for long hours, high-pressure situations, long hours, and sometimes, a tricky work-life balance. But don’t worry; you can manage it with some time management tricks, self-care, and boundary-setting.

Now, the part you’ve been waiting for—compensation! Investment banking pays well, with competitive base salaries, hefty bonuses, and benefits. The better you perform, the fatter your bonus.

As for the future, investment banking is evolving. Tech and sustainability are shaking things up. So, if you’re eyeing a niche in this industry, say sustainable finance or fintech, get ready to dive deep into those areas.

Investment Banking Career Path at a Glance

StepPositionResponsibilitiesEducation/Experience RequiredTypical Age Range
1Investment Banking Analyst– Financial modeling – Equity research- Data collection – Creating presentationsUndergraduate degree in finance or economicsEarly to mid-20s
2Associate– Client interaction – Managing a small team3-4 years of experience as an analystLate 20s to early 30s
3Vice President (VP)– Maintaining client relationships – Ensuring efficiency within the investment banking hierarchyMore extensive experience across various projectsLate 20s to early 40s
4Managing Director / Senior Vice President– Leadership roles within the bank – Senior management responsibilities15-20 years of experienceLate 30s to mid-50s

Investment Banking Career Path- Main Job Description 

Investment Banking Career Path- Main Job Description

Before you begin your journey into the investment banking career path, understand how your investment banking career pros and why a career path will progress.

Level 1: Entry-level – investment banking analyst

As an entry-level position in the investment banking division, analysts play a crucial role in financial modeling and data analysis, supporting the team in various tasks.

  1. Qualifications: Bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree in fields like finance, economics, or related fields.

  2. Time required: 2-3 years.

  3. Special duties:

    1. Financial modeling and analysis.

    2. Market research and data gathering.

    3. Assisting with pitch presentations.

  4. Salary range: $70,000 – $150,000 per year.

  5. Role: Financial Analyst

    1. J.P. Morgan Careers
    2. Morgan Stanley Careers
    3. Citigroup Careers
Career Tip: Focus on mastering financial modeling skills and attention to detail. Build strong relationships within your team for mentorship opportunities. Additionally, continuously seek opportunities to learn and expand your knowledge in various aspects of investment banking.

Level 2: Mid-Level – Associate

Associates take on more responsibility, engaging with institutional clients, leading deal execution, and mentoring analysts.

  1. Qualifications: Often requires several years of experience or an MBA.

  2. Time required: Around 3-5 years.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Client interaction and relationship management.

    • Leading deal execution efforts.

    • Mentoring and supervising analysts.

  4. Salary range: $100,000 – $250,000 per year.

  5. Role: Associate – Corporate Finance

Career Tip: Develop excellent client communication and leadership skills. As you begin to manage a team of analysts, focus on effective delegation and mentorship to nurture their growth. Proactively seek opportunities to take on more responsibility and demonstrate your ability to lead.

Level 3: Mid-Level – Vice President (VP)

VPs have senior roles, managing client relationships and deal teams and participating in strategic decision-making.

  1. Qualifications:  5-10 years of experience.

  2. Time required: 3-5 years after becoming an associate.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Managing client relationships.

    • Overseeing deal teams and projects.

    • Strategic decision-making.

  4. Salary range: $150,000 – $350,000 per year.

  5. Role: Vice President (VP) – Investment Banking

Career Tip: Build a strong network of client connections and showcase your ability to drive revenue and provide strategic insights. At this level, it's to excel in client relationships, project management, and operational efficiency. Be proactive in identifying and capitalizing on business opportunities.

Level 4: Senior Management- Director or Senior Vice President (SVP)

Director or former vice presidents and Senior Vice Presidents are high-ranking roles that involve significant leadership and strategic responsibilities within the organization.

  1. Qualifications: Extensive experience, often 10+ years.

  2. Time required: Additional 3-5 years after becoming a VP.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Leadership in setting the division’s strategy.

    • Managing a portfolio of high-value clients.

    • Representing the bank in industry forums.

  4. Salary range: $250,000 – $500,000+ per year.

Career tip: To progress to the Director or SVP level in investment banking, focus on building a strong track record of deal execution and client relationships while also continually expanding your industry knowledge and network. Additionally, consider pursuing advanced degrees such as an MBA or CFA to enhance your qualifications, financial skills, and expertise.

Level 5: Senior Management – Managing Director (MD)

The most senior positions in investment banking are Managing Director roles. MDs hold top-level positions, involved in overall business strategy, client acquisition, and decision-making.

  1. Qualifications: Exceptional experience, often 15+ years.

  2. Time required: 7-10 years after becoming an SVP.

  3. Special duties:

    • Steering overall business strategy.

    • Leading in client acquisition efforts.

    • Making critical decisions.

  4. Salary range: $400,000 – $1,000,000+ per year.

  5. Managing Director (MD)Asset Management

Career tip: Elevate your leadership presence, champion strategic initiatives, and nurture a culture of excellence within your team. As a senior leader, your focus should be on driving the overall business strategy, acquiring high-value clients, and making critical decisions that contribute to the long-term success of the organization.

Exit Opportunities for Each Role

Some potential exit opportunities for each stage are:

  1. Summer Internship: Transition to a full-time entry-level role in a related field or pursue further education.

  2. Analyst (entry-level): Explore roles in finance, data analysis, or consulting in various industries.

  3. Associate: Consider managerial positions or specialize in a specific area within your field.

  4. Vice President: Explore executive leadership roles, possibly in larger organizations or different industries.

  5. Director or Executive Director: Pursue high-level leadership positions in your industry or transition to board positions.

  6. Managing Director: Seek top executive roles like CEO, President, or Chairman in diverse industries.

  7. Partner or Senior Managing Director: Explore entrepreneurship, advisory roles, or investment opportunities based on your expertise.

The following table provides a concise overview of the typical career progression in investment banking, from entry-level roles to senior management positions. 

Investment Banking Career Path- Main Job Description 

LevelRoleQualificationsSalary RangeCareer Progression
1Investment Banking AnalystBachelor’s/Master’s in Finance or related field$70,000 – $150,000/yrFinancial Analyst
2AssociateSeveral years of experience or MBA$100,000 – $250,000/yrAssociate – Corporate Finance
3Vice President (VP)5-10 years of experience after becoming an Associate$150,000 – $350,000/yrVice President (VP) – Investment Banking
4Director or Senior Vice President (SVP)Extensive experience, often 10+ years after becoming a VP$250,000 – $500,000+/yrDirector or Senior Vice President
5Managing Director (MD)Exceptional experience, often 15+ years after becoming a SVP$400,000 – $1,000,000+/yrManaging Director (MD) – Asset Management

Investment Bankers Entry-Level Positions and Functions 

Investment Banking Entry-Level Positions and Functions 

Entering the investment bank begins with landing one of the coveted entry-level roles. These entry-level analyst positions serve as the foundation for a successful career in finance and for many investment bankers and banking associates and offer a pathway to more advanced roles. Let’s explore the common entry-level positions after the internship period, their responsibilities, and the competitive nature of recruitment:

Option 1: Investment Banking Analyst


Investment banking analysts or junior investment bankers are integral to deal teams. They assist in financial modeling, valuation, due diligence, and preparing client pitch materials. They often work on mergers and acquisitions (M&A), initial public offerings (IPOs), and other financial transactions.


Analysts compile and analyze financial data, create presentations, conduct industry research, and help junior and senior bankers with more senior staff members and more junior and investment banking analysts and bankers, along with client interactions. They play a crucial role in the execution of deals.

Option 2: Financial Analyst (often in other sectors)


While not exclusive to the investment banking role, financial analysts are in various sectors, including corporate finance, business administration, and asset management. They assess financial data, prepare reports, and provide recommendations for investment decisions.


Financial analysts perform financial modeling, risk analysis, budgeting, and forecasting. They monitor market trends and economic conditions, helping organizations make informed financial choices.

Investment Bank-Specialised Job Description 

Investment Banking Career Path- Specialized Job Description 

Suppose you are or will switch your career path from a different sector or in the same industry, switching roles. In that case, you will find the detailed job and career description for specialized functions extremely valuable. 

An investment banking career path presents the opportunity for global exposure to you as the work involved is irrespective of geographical boundaries.

  • The clients and projects approach from different corners of the world. They are not restricted to the national boundaries of a country.

  • The nature of the work is also such that it only demands a little fieldwork, which means that a team of investment bankers can work out of a remote location without their physical presence in front of the client.
  • However, it does not mean that many top investment banks and bankers do not travel around the world for business.

  • Investment banking analysts and associates are the junior bankers from investment bankers, while the vice president and managing director from the senior bankers.
  • Investment banking is a specialized financial sector that plays a pivotal role in the global economy.

  • At its core, investment banking is a bridge between corporations, governments, and institutions seeking capital and investors looking to effectively deploy their funds.

Let’s explore the possibilities of different roles with specialized functions. 

1. Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) Specialist

M&A specialists focus on advising on mergers and acquisitions transactions, requiring deep knowledge of deal structures.

  1. Qualifications: Experience in M&A roles, often as an associate or higher.

  2. Time required: Aligns with a general career path but with a focus on M&A deals.

  3. Special Duties

    • Advising on M&A transactions.

    • In-depth analysis of target companies.

    • Effective negotiation of contracts.

  4. Salary range: Varies based on experience and firm.

  5. Role: M&A Specialist

Career tip: Hone your negotiation and due diligence skills and stay updated on market trends and regulations. 

2. Sales and Trading Professional

 Sales and trading professionals are responsible for buying and selling financial instruments in the markets.

  1. Qualifications: require experience in trading or related roles.

  2. Time required: Varies based on trading performance.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Executing precise buy and sell orders.

    • Monitoring market movements diligently.

    • Managing risk effectively.

  4. Salary range: Varies widely based on trading performance. 

  5. Role: Sales and Trading Professional

Career tip: Sharpen your analytical skills and cultivate strong client connections. Adapt swiftly to market changes.

3. Equity Research Analyst

Equity research analysts analyze stocks and equities, providing investment recommendations to clients.

  1. Qualifications: Bachelor’s degree in finance or related field.

  2. Time required: 2-5 years.

  3. Special Duties:

    • In-depth stock analysis.

    • Generating investment recommendations.

    • Clear communication of insights.

  4. Salary range: $80,000 – $200,000 per year.

  5. Role: Equity Research Analyst

Career tip: Excel in in-depth stock analysis and continuously learn about evolving markets.

4. Debt Capital Markets (DCM) Analyst

DCM analysts work on debt-related transactions, such as bond issuances, and require expertise in debt markets.

  1. Qualifications: Often similar to analyst roles in investment banking.

  2. Time required: 2-5 years.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Working on debt-related transactions.

    • Structuring bond issuances effectively.

    • Maintaining strong client relationships.

  4. Salary range: Similar to analyst roles, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: DCM Analyst

Career tip: Master the intricacies of debt markets and build trust with clients while staying informed about regulations.

5. Corporate Finance Specialist

Corporate finance specialists focus on corporate development and raising capital for corporations through various means.

  1. Qualifications: Often similar to analyst and associate roles in investment banking.

  2. Time required: 3-7 years.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Innovating in capital raising methods.

    • Strategizing for long-term corporate success.

  4. Salary range: Similar to analyst and associate roles, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: Corporate Finance Specialist

Career tip: Innovate in venture capital and raising methods to raise capital and develop strategies for long-term corporate success.

6. Private Equity Professional    

Private equity professionals invest in and manage private companies on behalf of investors.

  1. Qualifications: Often require experience in private equity or related roles.

  2. Time required:  7-10 years or more.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Thoroughly researching investment opportunities.

    • Fostering strong investor connections.

  4. Salary range: includes a base salary plus significant bonuses.

  5. Role: Private Equity Professional

Career tip: Focus on thorough research of investment opportunities and active engagement with portfolio startups.

7. Venture Capitalist

Venture capitalists invest in startups and early-stage companies.

  1. Qualifications: Often require experience in venture capital or related roles.

  2. Time required: several years.

  3. Special duties:

    • Spotting disruptive technologies early.

    • Engaging actively with portfolio startups.

  4. Salary range: Base salary can vary, with additional compensation based on investment success.

  5. Role: Venture Capitalist

Career tip: Stay vigilant in spotting disruptive technologies early and actively engage with portfolio startups.

8. Risk Analyst

Risk analysts evaluate and manage financial risks associated with investments.

  1. Qualifications: Often require expertise in risk management.

  2. Time required: Varies based on experience and specialization.

  3. Special duties:

    • Evaluating and mitigating financial risks.

    • Developing risk models.

    • Communicating risk implications clearly.

  4. Salary range: $60,000 – $150,000 per year.

  5. Role: Risk Analyst

Career tip: Deepen your risk modeling expertise and communicate risk implications clearly.

9. Compliance Officer

Compliance officers ensure that the bank adheres to regulatory and legal requirements.

  1. Qualifications: Often require knowledge of financial regulations and compliance.

  2. Time required: Varies based on experience and role.

  3. Special duties:

    • Ensuring regulatory and legal adherence.

    • Developing compliance policies.

    • Training staff on regulations.

  4. Salary range: $60,000 – $150,000 per year.

  5. Role: Compliance Officer

Career tip: Stay updated on regulations and promote a culture of compliance within the organization.

10. Quantitative Analyst (Quant)

Quantitative analysts apply mathematical and statistical models to financial markets.

  1. Qualifications: Strong background in mathematics, statistics, or quantitative fields.

  2. Time required: Varies based on experience and expertise.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Applying mathematical models to markets.

    • Developing algorithmic trading strategies.

    • Analyzing quantitative data.

  4. Salary range: $100,000 – $300,000+ per year.

  5. Role: Quantitative Analyst

Career tip: Master quantitative techniques and innovate in algorithmic trading strategies.

11.Asset Management Professional

Asset management professionals manage investment portfolios and hedge funds for clients or institutions.

  1. Qualifications: Often require financial expertise and investment knowledge.

  2. Time required: Varies based on experience and role.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Managing investment portfolios.

    • Diversifying asset allocation.

    • Communicating investment strategies.

  4. Salary range: Varies based on role and firm.

  5. Role: Asset Management Professional

Career tip: Align portfolios with client goals and communicate investment strategies clearly.

12. Real Estate Investment Banker

Real estate investment bankers specialize in real estate finance and investments.

  1. Qualifications: Often require expertise in real estate markets.

  2. Time required: aligns with the general investment banking career path.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Specializing in real estate finance.

    • Structuring real estate deals.

    • Building a strong network in the industry.

  4. Salary range: Similar to investment banking roles, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: Real Estate Investment Banker

Career tip: Develop expertise in real estate markets and build a strong network in the industry.

13. Financial Advisor

Financial advisors provide investment advice and financial planning to individuals.

  1. Qualifications: Often require certifications and financial planning expertise.

  2. Time required: Varies based on individual success.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Providing investment advice.

    • Creating financial plans.

    • Managing client portfolios.

  4. Salary range: Can vary widely, often a mix of base salary and commissions.

  5. Role: Financial Advisor

Career tip: Tailor advice to individual needs and stay updated on the financial services industry trends.

14. Structured Finance Specialist

Structured finance specialists deal with complex financial products like asset-backed securities.

  1. Qualifications: Often require expertise in structured finance.

  2. Time required: aligns with the general investment banking career path.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Dealing with complex financial products.

    • Structuring asset-backed securities.

    • Mitigating credit risk.

  4. Salary range: Similar to investment banking roles, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: Structured Finance Specialist

Career tip: Master the intricacies of structured finance and effectively mitigate credit risk.

15. Research Sales Specialist

Research sales specialists sell research and insights produced by the bank to clients.

  1. Qualifications: Strong communication and sales skills.

  2. Time required: Varies based on sales performance.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Selling research and insights.

    • Cultivating client relationships.

    • Showcasing the value of research effectively.

  4. Salary range: includes a base salary plus commissions or bonuses.

  5. Role: Research Sales Specialist

Career tip: Connect with clients personally and effectively communicate the value of research.

16. Asset-Backed Securities (ABS) Specialist

ABS specialists structure asset-backed securities deals, analyze underlying assets and risks and maintain compliance with regulations.

  1. Qualifications: Often require expertise in structured finance and asset-backed securities.

  2. Time required: aligns with the general investment banking career path.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Structuring asset-backed securities deals.

    • Analyzing underlying assets and risks.

    • Innovating in ABS market strategies.

  4. Salary range: Varies depending on experience and employing institution.

  5. Role: ABS Specialist

Career tip: Deepen your knowledge of underlying assets, stay updated on regulatory changes, and explore creative ways to enhance ABS deals.

17. Hedge Fund Manager

Hedge fund managers oversee their hedge funds’ fund portfolios, execute investment strategies, attract and retain investors, and adapt to market conditions.

  1. Qualifications: Often require significant experience and a strong track record.

  2. Time required: Varies widely based on individual success.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Managing a hedge fund portfolio.

    • Executing investment strategies.

    • Attracting and retaining investors.

  4. Salary range: Highly variable, often includes a share of profits.

  5. Role: Hedge Fund Manager

Career tip: Develop a unique investment strategy and build strong relationships with investors for long-term success.

18. Commodity Trader

Commodity traders trade various commodities, analyze supply and demand dynamics, manage risk in commodity markets, and stay informed about geopolitical factors.

  1. Qualifications: Strong understanding of commodity markets.

  2. Time required: Varies based on trading success.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Trading various commodities.

    • Analyzing supply and demand dynamics.

    • Managing risk effectively.

  4. Salary range: Variable, with significant potential for bonuses based on trading performance.

  5. Role: Commodity Trader

Career tip: Specialize in a specific commodity sector and monitor global events impacting commodity prices closely.

19. Credit Analyst

Credit analysts assess the creditworthiness of borrowers, analyze financial statements, recommend credit limits and terms, and monitor a credit portfolio.

  1. Qualifications: Strong financial analysis skills.

  2. Time required: Varies based on experience and role.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Assessing creditworthiness.

    • Analyzing financial statements.

    • Recommending credit limits and terms.

  4. Salary range: Similar to the analyst range, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: Credit Analyst

Career tip: Develop strong financial analysis skills and exercise diligence in assessing credit risks.

20. Financial Risk Manager (FRM)

Financial risk managers identify and evaluate financial risks, implement risk management strategies, monitor risk exposure, and ensure compliance with risk policies.

  1. Qualifications: FRM certification is often pursued.

  2. Time required: Varies by location and experience.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Identifying and evaluating financial risks.

    • Implementing risk management strategies.

    • Monitoring risk exposure.

  4. Salary range: Varies based on experience and location but often within the range of risk analyst salaries.

  5. Role: Financial Risk Manager

Career tip: Pursue FRM certification for advanced risk management knowledge and communicate risk strategies effectively.

21. Financial Controller

Financial controllers oversee financial reporting, manage accounting teams, make financial models, ensure compliance with accounting standards, and optimize financial processes.

  1. Qualifications: Strong accounting and financial management skills.

  2. Time required: ranges from $90,000 to $200,000+ per year.

  3. Special Duties:

    •  Overseeing financial reporting.

    •  Managing accounting teams.

    •  Ensuring compliance with accounting standards.

  4. Salary range:  ranges from $90,000 to $200,000+ per year.

  5. Role: Financial Controller

Career tip: Strengthen your accounting and leadership skills and streamline financial operations for efficiency.

22. Treasury Analyst

Treasury analysts manage company cash flow, execute financial transactions, analyze liquidity needs, and optimize working capital.

  1. Qualifications: Strong financial and treasury management skills.

  2. Time required: Varies based on experience and role.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Managing company cash flow.

    • Executing financial transactions.

    • Analyzing liquidity needs.

  4. Salary range: Varies based on experience and location but falls within the ranges mentioned for analysts and associates. 

  5. Role: Treasury Analyst

Career tip: Stay vigilant about cash management and analyze market trends affecting liquidity.

23. Structured Products Specialist

Structured products specialists structure complex financial products, evaluate risk and return profiles, develop marketing strategies, and provide client education.

  1. Qualifications: Often require expertise in structured finance.

  2. Time required: aligns with the general investment banking career path.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Dealing with complex financial products.

    • Structuring asset-backed securities.

    • Effectively mitigating credit risk.

  4. Salary range: Similar to investment banking roles, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: Structured Products Specialist

Career tip: Master the intricacies of structured finance and effectively communicate the benefits of structured products to prospective clients.

24. Investment Banking Associate (Industry-Specific)

Investment banking associates specializing in specific industries focus on analyzing industry trends, executing industry-specific deals, building industry relationships, and providing sector-specific expertise.

  1. Qualifications: Strong industry knowledge and investment banking experience.

  2. Time required: aligns with the general career path for investment banking associates.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Focusing on a particular industry sector.

    • Analyzing industry trends and companies.

    • Executing industry-specific deals.

  4. Salary range: Generally aligns with the associate salary range, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: IB Associate (Industry-Specific)

Career tip: Become an industry expert, leverage your specialized knowledge for deal success, and build strong relationships within your sector.

25. Investment Banking Analyst (Industry-Specific)

Investment and investment banking professionals and analysts specializing in specific industries support industry-specific research, assist in industry-specific deals, develop industry expertise, and collaborate with analysts in your sector.

  1. Qualifications: Strong industry knowledge and investment banking experience.

  2. Time required: aligns with the general career path for investment banking analysts.

  3. Special Duties:

    • Supporting industry-specific research.

    • Assisting in industry-specific deals.

    • Developing industry expertise.

  4. Salary range: Generally aligns with the analyst salary range, depending on experience and firm.

  5. Role: IB Analyst (Industry-Specific)

    1. Lazard Careers  
    2. Moelis & Company Careers 
    3. Centerview Partners Careers 

Career tip

“Immerse yourself in your chosen competitive industry well, build strong relationships with colleagues in the same sector, and leverage your sector-specific expertise.”

Now that you have explored these roles, you must know that the roles and timelines are approximate. Your personal experiences may vary based on factors such as performance, market conditions, and firm policies.

Top Investment Banks- Jobs & Career Opportunities

Suppose you are a research bent of a person with an attitude of exploration. I suggest investing in exploring each role by getting in touch with the real environment. 

How to do that? 

I have shared above, in each category, the examples of a few companies where you can explore the different opportunities for specific roles. Since the availability of particular roles may change over time, you must visit the respective career websites of these companies for the most current job listings and opportunities.

Top Investment Banking Jobs Platforms:

  1. LinkedIn
  2. Glassdoor
  3. Indeed
  4. eFinancialCareers
  5. Wall Street Oasis
  6. CFA Institute Career Center
  7. Bloomberg Careers
  8. SimplyHired
  9. Monster
  10. The Muse

Investment Banking Career – How to apply for roles? 

To apply for roles at the companies I mentioned earlier, please follow these general steps:

Step 1. Visit the Company’s Official Website

Go to the official website of the company you are interested in. You can usually find a “Careers” or “Jobs” section on the company’s homepage.

Step 2. Search for Open Positions

Once on the company’s website, look for a “Search Jobs” or “Job Opportunities” section. Use keywords related to the specific role you’re interested in (e.g., “Analyst,” “Associate,” “Investment Banking,” etc.) to search for relevant job openings.

Step 3. Submit Your Application

Click on the job listing that matches your qualifications and interests. Follow the application instructions provided on the company’s website. This may involve creating an account, uploading your resume, and filling out an online application form.

Step 4. Follow Up

After submitting your application, it’s a good practice to follow up if you have yet to hear back within a reasonable time frame. You can often find contact information for HR or recruitment teams on the company’s website.

Note: The specific websites and application processes can vary from one company to another. Carefully review the company’s careers page for the most accurate and up-to-date information on job openings and application procedures.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What do people actually do in different roles within Investment Banking, and how do these roles differ from each other?

In Investment Banking, you’ll find a range of roles like Investment Banker, Analyst, Associate, Vice President, and Managing Director. These roles come with distinct responsibilities. For example, Analysts often focus on crunching numbers and financial modeling. At the same time, more senior roles involve managing client relationships, structuring deals, and overseeing their execution.

What’s the difference between front office, middle office, and back office roles in Investment Banking?

In Investment Banking, 

  • Front office” roles are all about dealing directly with clients and generating revenue. Think Investment Bankers and Traders.

  • “Middle office” roles provide support to the front office, handling tasks like Risk Management and Compliance. 

  • Back office” roles handle administrative stuff, like Accounting and IT. Understanding these distinctions is key to figuring out which path aligns best with your interests and goals.

My Exclusive Insights for You- Is Investment Banking Career Path Right for Me?

After reading this guide, you must wonder if an investment banking career after business administration at school is right for you.

Whether investment banking is the right career for you or not will depend on what is in your Inner GPS. 

Suppose your Inner GPS is aligned toward the investment banking career path. In that case, it can be incredibly rewarding provided: 

  • You have got a passion for finance.

  • A knack for handling pressure 

  • A hunger for success. 

  • It demands dedication and continuous learning.

You can resonate the investment banking career path with the following analogy: 

“Starting a career in investment banking is like taking on a long and challenging hike up a steep mountain. You begin at the base, where the terrain is relatively easy to navigate. Still, as you ascend, the path becomes steeper and more demanding. 

Along the way, you will need to acquire the right equipment (skills and knowledge), work with a team (colleagues and mentors), and make strategic decisions (investment choices) to reach the summit (success in investment banking). 

The journey is tough, but the view from the top can be incredibly rewarding”. 

Just like a GPS recalculates when you take a detour, your Inner GPS can adapt to new opportunities and challenges. 

For your unique One-to-one Inner GPS Career Coaching session, consider booking an appointment with IGG Sanju Coach to help you with your career discovery. 

If you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comments section below— or have some personal life experience to share from your investment banking career.

Enjoy your learning curve into the unknown world of investment banking. 

All the best! 


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